Mapuche Musical Instruments

Picture taken from this website: http://cronicasinmal.blogspot.com/2015/04/instrumentos-musicales-mapuches.html (last visited 03/19/2020)

As promised on Episode 130 Joel Maripil, música mapuche; and on my previous post. This is an illustration of the different Mapuche Musical Instruments. Many of the music instruments resembles other folk instruments. For example:

Trompe is known also a Jewish Harp – This unusual Jaw Harp actually comes from Argentina and is an integral part of the indigenous Mapuche culture. While the Mapuche successfully resisted colonisation by the Spanish for over three centuries, they were fascinated by the Jaw Harp that the Spanish probably brought with them. Even today it still plays an important role in the mostly religious music of the Mapuche. A rarity https://www.danmoi.com/trompe-mapuche.html

Wada (huada) is known as maracas.

Trutruka (aerophone, similar to a trumpet ).

Kultrung (percussion) – this is one of their original percussion instruments. The skin is from a goat (chivo, cabra) as Joel narrated in his episode. It is a large wooden kettledrum made from the hollow-out trunk of a “tree of power” that is considered to represent the earth. Each machi paints his or her drum with the same general design, adding his or her own unique touches as well. The leather drumhead bears two crossed lines to represent the Mapuche division of the world into four parts.  http://chileprecolombino.cl/en/arte/piezas-selectas/el-kultrun/

Ñolkin is similar to French Horn. It is an authentic aerophone. It resembles the Swiss Alphorn or Alpehorn. The instrument is sometimes coiled in the manner of a valveless horn, but it may be made from a metal pipe. It is played by men, usually in ensemble with another trutruka or with other instruments. The trutruka is associated especially with agricultural rites, but it may also be used in other ceremonial contexts or as a signal instrument. https://www.britannica.com/art/trutruka

If you want to know more about Mapuche musical instruments, please feel free to visit these websites: http://www.icarito.cl/2010/05/28-9108-9-folclor-mapuche.shtml/

Here is another link where a Mapuche is making a Trompe: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IXQkmyXS7mI. In addition, you can listen to a few of Mapuche’s musical instrument in this site: http://chileprecolombino.cl/en/archivo-audiovisual/audio/registros-ineditos/mapuche/

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